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How yo-yo dieting impacts women's heart health

Yo-yo dieting or yo-yo effect, also known as weight cycling, is a term coined by Kelly D. Brownell at Yale University, in reference to the cyclical loss and gain of weight, resembling the up-down motion of a yo-yo. In this process, the dieter is initially successful in the pursuit of weight loss but is unsuccessful in maintaining the loss long-term and begins to gain the weight back. The dieter then seeks to lose the regained weight, and the cycle begins again.

Let’s take a look at this article by Ana Sandoiu

New research reveals worrying associations between yo-yo dieting and seven well-established markers of cardiovascular health.

New research looks into how yo-yo dieting may affect a woman's cardiovascular health.

As if losing weight wasn't hard enough, up to 80 percent of people who manage to lose more than 10 percent of their body weight end up regaining the weight within a year.

Losing weight for a short period and then regaining it bears the name of yo-yo dieting, which some people refer to as "weight cycling."

Previous research has pointed out the potentially damaging effects of these repeated cycles of weight loss and weight gain

Some studies have suggested that yo-yo dieting raises the risk of mortality from any cause, while others have pointed to an increased risk of death from heart disease in particular.

Another study suggested that yo-yo dieting can lead to a cardiometabolic "roller coaster" in which cardiovascular health remarkably improves with just a few weeks of healthful dieting, but the negative cardiovascular effects are immediate once the individual abandons the diet.

Now, scientists have turned their attention to the cardiovascular effects of yo-yo dieting in women.

Dr. Brooke Aggarwal, who is an assistant professor of medical sciences at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York, led a team examining the effects of weight cycling on seven heart disease risk factors.

Dr. Aggarwal and her colleagues presented their findings at the American Heart Association's (AHA) Epidemiology and Prevention | Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health 2019 Scientific Sessions, which took place in Houston, TX.


Boost Your Unborn Baby's Health

Pregnancy is an ideal time to start taking really good care of the child both physically and emotionally. These will help make sure that you and your baby will be as healthy as possible. Follow these simple tips throughout your pregnancy to give your baby a healthier start in life...


Recent research shows that what you do during pregnancy may not only help to protect your baby, but can also boost her health and improve her brain power in the future. So pop these easy ideas on your to-do list.

Regular gentle exercise could make your baby more intelligent. An American study found that mums-to-be who exercised for at least half an hour, three times a week, had children who scored higher in intelligence, coordination and oral tests at the age of 5.Try brisk walking, swimming or pregnancy-specific exercise classes such as aquanatal or yoga. Remember, it's important to take exercise gently. Take the 'talk test' – if you're too puffed to chat, slow down. Stop if you feel unwell.


Reducing stress levels will benefit both you and your baby. Listening to classical music has been proven to reduce stress, anxiety and depression in mums-to-be. It's also a good idea to establish a regular 'date night' with your partner – nights out will be few and far between once the baby arrives, so take advantage now. If you're too tired or feeling too unwell for a night out, an evening snuggled up on the sofa with a good DVD can help you reconnect with each other.

It's true! A 2004 Finnish study found that mums who ate chocolate during pregnancy had happier, more active babies. Scientists suggest that the mood-boosting chemicals in chocolate could pass to the unborn baby. 'There's nothing wrong with eating chocolate during pregnancy, as long as you eat it in moderation,' says Virginia Howes, independent midwife at Kent Midwifery Practice. 'Don't put on any more weight than you need to – maintaining a healthy weight will be beneficial for you and your baby.' Also, remember that chocolate contains caffeine – around 50mg in a plain 50g bar. The latest guidelines say mums-to-be should have no more than 200mg of caffeine a day – bear this in mind if you're already using up your caffeine quota on coffee (100mg per mug of instant, 140mg per mug of filter), tea (50mg per mug) or cola (40mg per can).

Taking a daily 400mcg folic acid supplement until the end of the 12th week of pregnancy helps protect your baby from neural tube defects, such as spina bifida. It's a good idea to take a 10mcg vitamin D supplement every day throughout pregnancy, too. We get most of our vitamin D from sunlight, but if you haven't seen much sun during the past few months, a supplement may help. Vitamin D is particularly important during pregnancy, as it helps your baby develop strong, healthy bones

Drinking organic milk during pregnancy and while breastfeeding could protect your baby against eczema, asthma and other allergies, a Dutch study has found. The research from 2007, reveals that organic milk protects your baby while in the womb. What's more, mums who drink organic milk produce breast milk that provides some protection against allergens. This may be due to the higher concentration of certain acids found in organic milk. 'Dairy products are excellent during pregnancy,' says midwife Virginia. 'There's no need to go for low-fat versions, either.'

Eating eggs during pregnancy can improve your baby's memory and help to protect her against breast cancer later on, research has found. A US study on pregnant mice revealed that the nutrient choline, found in eggs, helped the babies' brains develop their memories. Earlier US research on rats found that a high choline-intake during pregnancy protected the mother rats' daughters against breast cancer. 'Eggs are a good source of iron and protein,' says midwife Virginia. 'The advice generally given is not to eat raw and runny eggs due to the risk of salmonella. However, eggs that are stamped have come from vaccinated hens, which mean the risk is almost non-existent. Avoid raw and runny eggs if you don't know the origin, though.'

You've heard that an apple a day keeps the doctor away, but did you know that apples may also help lower the risk of your baby developing asthma, too? A study by the University of Aberdeen found that mums-to-be who ate the most apples had babies who were less likely to develop asthma by the age of 5. Apples contain powerful antioxidants, called flavonoids, which may provide the protective effect. Another advantage is that many mums-to-be find snacking on green apples helps to combat nausea. 'Eat as many apples as you fancy,' says midwife Virginia. However, eating a variety of fruit is best, as this will provide a wider range of vitamins and minerals.' Aim for five portions of fruit and vegetables a day to benefit.

Eating oily fish in the last three months of pregnancy can boost your baby's brain development, according to a 2008 Canadian study. The last three months of pregnancy is a crucial period for the development of your baby's eyes and brain, and researchers found that omega-3 oils, found in oily fish such as salmon, trout, fresh tuna, herring, mackerel and sardines, had positive effects on babies' sensory, cognitive and motor development. Try having sardines on toast for an easy, healthy snack – just right for the extra 200 to 300 calories you need during the last three months of pregnancy. However, make sure you don't eat more than two portions of oily fish per week though, as there's concern about pollutants. Omega-3 supplements are a good alternative if you don't like eating oily fish.

- Culled




Nausea is a general term describing a queasy stomach, with or without the feeling that you are about to vomit. Almost everyone experiences nausea at some time, making it one of the most common problems in medicine. Nausea is not a disease, but a symptom of many different disorders. It is caused by problems in any one of three parts of the body, including:


Active Rebooters: Watermelon-Pineapple-Ginger Juice

Watermelons are rich in lycopene- a member of the carotene family. Carotenes exert both anti inflammatory and anti oxidant activity in the human body.
Pineapple contains a phytonutrient called bromelain that is well known for its ability to help reduce inflammation.
Ginger root reduces inflammation as well as nausea, pain and provides heartburn relief. It also aids digestion and can help to encourage thermogenesis in the body which may boost metabolism.


Home Remedies for Tonsillitis

Over the past few decades, we’ve seen a rise in bacteria capable of resisting our modern antibiotics. The result has been potentially dangerous and even deadly infections.

The overuse of antibiotics can contribute to resistant bacteria, so doctors now ask patients to think twice about asking for prescriptions. Sore throats, for example, are often caused by viral, not bacterial infections. That means antibiotics won’t help. We have some natural solutions, however, that may make you feel better.



 Fresh fruit juices are a great way to satisfy a sweet tooth and get your daily nutrients. Adding juices made from whole, natural fruits and vegetables to your diet in the morning, for lunch or a mid-day snack and even as an after-dinner treat, helps keep you healthy, but don’t forget that fruit still contains sugar so don’t over do it.


Healthy heart

Eating for a healthy heart means filling your plate with fruits and vegetables, paying attention to fiber, eating fish a couple times a week and limiting unhealthy fats like saturated and trans fats, as well as salt. And although no single food is a cure-all, certain foods have been shown to improve your heart health


Health benefit of home-cooked meals

Growing up, there were a few of Mom's rules you just didn't break. First, you made your bed every morning, no exceptions. Second, shoes came off before you traipsed through the house. And third, you showed up at the dinner table at 6 p.m. on the dot – or else.
People who frequently cook meals at home eat healthier and consume fewer calories than those who cook less. When it comes down to feeding your body and mind, nothing is superior to preparing your food from scratch, with quality ingredients and served with love. If you have never experienced this phenomenon then try it out for 90 days and see how you feel.

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